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Globex Properties

Authier - Lithium Royalty
La Motte Township, Quebec (32 D/08)

Updated October 2018


 

Sayona Royalty Claims

 

POSITIVE AUTHIER DEFINITIVE FEASIBILITY STUDY REAFFIRMS POTENTIAL OF SUSTAINABLE NEW LITHIUM MINE

Highlights

  • Positive definitive feasibility study (DFS) for Authier Lithium Project shows potential for profitable and sustainable new lithium mine, delivering jobs, investment and other economic benefits to local community
  • Pre-tax net present value (NPV) of C$184.8m (AUD $194.0m), pre-tax internal rate of return (IRR) of 33.7% and estimated payback of 2.6 years
  • Life of mine (LOM) revenue C$1,394m; projected 1.58 million tonnes (Mt) of spodumene concentrate sales over 18 years
  • Low start-up capital expenditure of C$89.9m, with production scheduled for 2020
  • Downstream test work underway to produce lithium carbonate and hydroxide from pilot plant concentrate, with results to be used for a Pre-Feasibility Study

Emerging lithium miner Sayona Mining Limited (ASX: SYA) announced today a positive definitive feasibility study (DFS) for its flagship Authier Lithium Project in Canada, which demonstrates the project’s potential to deliver a profitable and sustainable new lithium mine that will provide new jobs, investment and other benefits for all stakeholders.

The new mine could create 150 jobs in construction and up to 160 jobs in operation, with the Company giving priority to local employment and suppliers. Sayona is targeting a number of potential markets for its product, which is in increasing demand due to the role of lithium-ion battery technology in the clean energy revolution for cars and electricity.

Key findings of the DFS include:

  • Pre-tax NPV of C$184.8 million and IRR 33.7% (real terms at 8% discount rate)
  • Annual average concentrate production of 87,400 tonnes at 6% Li2O;
  • Average annual revenue of C$80 million;
  • Mine gate cash costs of C$416/t and FOB Port cash costs of C$482/t (US$366/t);
  • Initial capital expenditure of C$89.9 million;
  • Updated Ore Reserve of 12.10 Mt @ 1.00% Li2O (Proven Reserve 6.10Mt @ 0.99% Li2O and Probable Reserve 6.00 Mt @ 1.02% Li2O) delivers a mine life of 18 years.

The DFS incorporates an increased JORC resource, results from a number of technical optimisation programs and realignment of pricing to reflect more recent industry forecasts. It includes results from the phase 3 drilling program, pilot plant metallurgical testing and further optimisation of the Authier resource and reserve.
Welcoming the DFS findings, Sayona’s Managing Director, Dan O’Neill, said: “This study confirms the technical and financial viability of constructing a simple, low-strip ratio, open- cut mining operation and processing facility producing spodumene concentrate for the lithium-ion battery market.
"The clean energy revolution is driving demand for new lithium projects such as Authier, providing a positive long-term outlook. We will now step up our engagement with potential partners and investors, while continuing our close consultations with the local community and government to ensure sustainable and beneficial outcomes for all stakeholders.”
Significantly, the Authier project is located close to the established mining support city of Val d’Or (45 kilometres to the south-east) and the city of Amos (20 km to the north). It will benefit from Quebec’s excellent infrastructure including low-cost hydro-electric power, extensive rail and road networks and the region’s skilled labour, along with close proximity to US markets including the Tesla Giga factory in Nevada.

Authier DFS Key Study Outcomes and Assumptions
The DFS has been completed to an accuracy of -10/+15% and has contributions from a number of leading industry service providers including BBA, SNC-Lavalin and ASDR. All of the metallurgical testing was undertaken at SGS Canada Inc. at their Lakefield, Ontario facility that has been operating for over 70 years. SGS has considerable experience in testing for Canadian lithium projects. Dr Gustavo Delendatti was the Competent Person for the Mineral Resource estimate.
Key outcomes of the DFS include an NPV of C$184.8 million over an initial 18-year mine life, based on the current Proven and Probable Ore Reserve estimate of 12.10 Mt @ 1.00% Li2O at a 0.55% Li2O cut-off grade (Table 1).

Table 1– Authier JORC Ore Reserve Estimate (0.55% Li2O cut-off grade)

Category Tonnes (Mt) Grades (% Li2O) Contained Li2O (t)
Proven Reserve 6.10 0.99 60,390
Probable Reserve 6.00 1.02 61,200
Total Reserves 12.10 1.00 121,590
Note:The Ore Reserve estimate is based on the details published in a separate ASX release “Authier JORC Ore Reserve Estimate”, 24 September 2018. The Ore Reserve Estimate is inclusive of dilution and ore loss.

The pre-tax Internal Rate of Return (“IRR”) is estimated at 33.7% and payback on capital is 2.6 years. The LOM cash operating costs are estimated at C$416 per tonne (mine gate basis) or C$482 per tonne FOB Port of Montreal, based on a development capital expenditure of C$89.9 million and a life-of-mine capital cost estimate of C$83.6 million.

Table 2– Authier Lithium Project DFS Highlights

Description Unit Results
Average Annual Ore Feed to the Plant tonnes 675,500
Annual Average Spodumene Production tonnes 87,400
Life-of-Mine years 18
Life-of-Mine Strip Ratio        waste to ore 6.9:1
Average Spodumene Price US$/tonne 675
Initial Development Capital Costs C$ million 89.9
Total Life of Mine Capital Costs C$ million 83.6
Total Net Revenue (real terms) C$ million 1,394
Total Project EBITDA (real terms) C$ million 460
Average Life of Mine Cash Costs (Mine-gate) C$/tonne 416
Average Life of Mine Cash Costs (Montreal Port FOB) C$/tonne 482
Net Present Value (real terms @ 8% discount rate) C$ million 184.8
Pre-Tax Internal Rate of Return % 33.7
Project Payback Period years 2.6
Exchange Rate CAD:USD 0.76

The Company will continue to pursue opportunities to optimise and enhance the value of the project, including:

  • Additional definition and expansion drilling to optimise the size of the resource and reserves and extend the project mine life. The drilling will target potential shallow extensions of the resource in the eastern and western sectors which have the potential to reduce the overall waste to ore ratio;
  • Further metallurgical test work to improve processing metallurgical recoveries. The DFS assumes a metallurgical recovery of 78% and a 6% Li2O concentrate grade however recovery rates of up to 79% and concentrate grades higher than 6% Li2O have been achieved in metallurgical testing; and
  • Completing a Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS) to assess the economic and technical viability of producing lithium hydroxide and/or carbonate from Authier spodumene concentrates at  a site to be determined. This follows the positive results of the Scoping Study (see ASX release, Lithium Carbonate/Hydroxide Concept Study Demonstrates Positive Technical and Economic Viability, 30 August 2017).

The Authier deposit will be mined by open cut methods enhanced by the shallow and thick nature of the mineralisation, allowing spodumene ore to be processed from the commencement of mining. The DFS demonstrated a LOM strip ratio of 6.9:1 (waste to ore) providing a low mining cost.
BBA designed a concentrator plant to process 675,500 tpa of ore feed using conventional flotation technology suitable for a pegmatite orebody. The plant will produce a 6% Li2O concentrate suitable for feedstock to downstream lithium conversion plants.
The DFS pricing is based on the average price forecasts of three leading lithium industry research groups including BMO, Canaccord Genuity and Macquarie Bank. The DFS assumes that concentrates are delivered FOB to an export ship at the Port of Montreal. The real  LOM  average  price assumption  is  US$675/tonne  for  a  6%  Li2O  concentrate. The modelled price for the DFS is a significant discount to the current market pricing and is considered conservative.

The Company is exploring three separate options for the monetisation of the spodumene concentrates, including:

  1. Exporting concentrates through a Quebec Port and selling to a Chinese lithium carbonate processing facility;
  2. Selling concentrates into the Quebec domestic market. Two downstream facilities are currently planned within the province and are expected to be in operation by 2019- 2020; and
  3. Processing and producing a lithium carbonate/hydroxide product through an integrated downstream processing facility at a site to be determined. The Company has completed a Concept Study assessing the economic and technical viability of constructing the downstream plant. The Company is currently undertaking a downstream testwork program at SGS to produce lithium carbonate and hydroxide from spodumene concentrate produced during pilot plant operation. Results will be incorporated into a PFS

The Company plans to move the project forward with a number of work programs, including:

  • Bridging engineering;
  • Further flowsheet optimisation
  • Final engineering and design;
  • Procurement of long lead items; and
  • Construction and commissioning.

The Company is also progressing its environmental permits and mining lease and believes the approvals can be achieved within the planned development timetable even if some permitting uncertainties still exist.
 

Authier Project Schedule 2018 2019 2020
Milestone Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Bridging Engineering                    
Ministerial Authorisation #1                    
Mining Lease and Approval Period                    
Detailed Engineering                    
Procurement                    
Off-Take                    
Financing                    
Early Work and Construction Facility Installation                    
Construction                    
Completion of Commissioning                    
Start of Mining Operations                    
Full Production                    
Downstream Testing                    
Downstream PFS                    

                                           Figure 1: Authier development timetable

AUTHIER FEASIBILITY OVERVIEW
Introduction 

The Authier project comprises 20 mineral claims totalling 674 hectares, extending 3.4 kilometres in an east-west, and 3.1 kilometres in a north-south direction. The mineral claims are located on Crown Land. The tenure is in good standing and there is no known impediment to obtaining a licence tooperate. The claims are subject to a number of underlying vendor royalties.

                       Figure 2: Authier project tenure

The Authier property is located in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue Region of the Province of Québec but more specifically in the Municipality of La Motte. La Motte is centred in a well- developed mining region with many resource industry support facilities and services. The towns of Rouyn-Noranda, Val-d’Or and Amos have populations of between 25,000 and 60,000 and are well known for their mining history.

                          Figure 3: Authier project location and access to infrastructure

Authier Mineralisation
Mineralisation is hosted within spodumene-bearing pegmatite intrusions. The Authier project hosts two separate mineralised pegmatite systems, including:

  • Authier Main - 1,100 metres long striking east-west, with an average thickness of 25 metres (ranging from 4 metres to 55 metres), dipping 40 to 50 degrees to the north. The deposit outcrops in the eastern sector and then extends up to 10 metres under cover in the western sector. The deposit remains open in all directions; and
  • Authier North - 500 metres long striking east-west, with an average thickness of 7 metres (ranging from 6 metres to 8 metres), dipping at 15 degrees to the north. The Authier North pegmatite appears at shallow levels (15 to 25 metres vertical depth). The deposit remains open in all directions

The lithium mineralisation at the Authier project is related to multiple pulses of spodumene bearing quartz-feldspar pegmatite. Higher lithium grades are related with high concentrations of mid-to-coarse spodumene crystals (up to 4 cm long) in a mid-to-coarse grained pegmatite facies.

                       Figure 4: Authier deposit geological envelopes and an example of pegmatite mineralisation and host waste rock

JORC Mineral Resource
The project has more than 31,000 metres of diamond drilling. The project was initially drilled between 1991 and 1999 by Raymor Resources, and by Glen Eagle between 2010 and 2012, and Sayona has completed three phases of drilling totalling more than 11,000 metres. Holes were typically drilled perpendicular to the strike of the mineralised pegmatite to provide high confidence in the grade, strike and vertical extensions of the mineralisation.
An independent JORC (2012) Mineral Resource estimate has been prepared (see ASX release, 24 September 2018) and is outlined in Table 1.
The Mineral Resource estimates for the Authier deposit includes Authier Main and Authier North pegmatites and is based on 1.5 m composite analytical data, no top-cut, and a 0.55% Li2O cut-off grade. The estimation was based on an Inverse Distance Cubed (ID3) interpolation. A total of 199 drill holes were used for the solid modelling and updated mineral resource estimate (MRE).
A block of three (3) metre (N-S) by three (3) metre (E-W) by three (3) metre (vertical) was selected for the resource block model. This was based on drill hole spacing, width and general geometry of mineralisation but primarily by the selected smallest mining unit (SMU) from the feasibility study. Three dimensional mineralised wireframes were used to domain the Li2O data using a 0.4% Li2O cut-off over a minimum drill hole interval length of two metres as a guideline to define the width of mineralised interpretations on sections (i.e., polygons). Sample data was composited to 1.5 m down hole lengths. Variable search ellipse orientations were used to interpolate the blocks.

Table 3 - Authier JORC Mineral Resource Estimate (0.55% Li20 cut-off grade)

Category Tonnes (Mt) Grades (%Li20) Contained Li20
Measured Resource 6.58 1.02 67,100
Indicated Resource 10.60 1.01 107,100
Mea.+Ind. Resource 17.18 1.01 174,200
Inferred Resource 3.76 0.98 36,800
Total Resource 20.94 1.01 211,000

Production Profile
The DFS is based on an average ore feed rate of 1,850 tonnes per day or approximately 675,500 tonnes per annum to the process plant to deliver average annual spodumene concentrate output of 87,400 tonnes (there are year-on-year variances depending on the mined grade of ore) at 6% Li2O. The LOM production target of 12.1 million tonnes is comprised entirely of Proven and Probable Ore Reserves.

Ore Reserves
The Measured and Indicated Resources were used for the optimisation studies to estimate the Ore Reserves. All the mineralised material classified in the Inferred Resource category was considered as waste material. 
The mining study for the DFS has considered:

  • Mine planning criteria (dilution, ore losses and cut-off grade criteria);
  • Open pit optimisation to determine pit shell for eventual economic extraction of the orebody;
  • Mine design and scheduling;
  • Mine infrastructure and layout;
  • Mine production scheduling;
  • Mining capital and operating cost estimation;
  • Revenue and cost modelling; and
  • JORC (2012) Ore Reserve reporting.

Sayona retained Journeaux Associates to assist with the pit slope design for the Authier Lithium project. The objective of the study was to review the existing structural geology model developed by Sayona and based upon geological data collected from exploration core-oriented boreholes drilled in 2016 and 2017.
The existing structural geology data and the results obtained from the laboratory direct shear tests served to review the existing designed pit slopes and to recommend optimum stable economical pit slopes. The rock tested can be considered Very Hard (100-200 MPa) to Extremely Hard (>200 MPa), ranging from 136 to 242 MPa. The pit design parameters recommendations are outlined in Table 4.
 

Table 4 – Geotechnical Pit Design Parameters (Journeaux 2018)

Parameter Unit Value
Overall Slope Angle (rock) degrees 48 & 59*
Overall Slope Angle (overburden) H:V 4H:1V
Bench Height (single bench) metres 6.0
Bench Height (triple bench) metres 18.0
Batter Face Angle degrees 65 & 80*
Berm Width (triple bench) metres 702
* South and North wall, respectively

Pit optimisation for the DFS was completed using the Pseudoflow command in Deswik.CAD based on conventional open pit mining using trucks and a hydraulic shovel, at a 0.55% Li2O cut-off grade. The cut-off grade considers the economic assumptions outlined in the DFS but is artificially elevated to takes into account the metallurgical recovery limitations.
The basic optimisation principle of the algorithm operates on a net value calculation for each block in the model (i.e., revenue from sales less total operating cost including mining, processing, and general and administration costs) in order to determine to what extent the deposit can be mined profitably. The Ore Reserve statement outcomes, derived from a detailed open-pit design based on the pit optimisation exercise, are outlined in Table 5.
 

Table 5– Authier JORC Ore Reserve Estimate (0.55% Li20 cut-off grade)

Category Tonnes (Mt) Grades (%Li20) Contained Li20
Proven Reserve 6.10 0.99 60,390
Probable Reserve 6.00 1.02 61,200
Total Reserves 12.10 1.00 121,590
Note: The Ore Reserve estimate is inclusive of ore dilution and ore loss

The design outlines a pit of 1,000 metres in length (east-west), an average of 600 metres width (north-south) and a final pit depth of 200 metres.

                       Figure 6: Isometric views of the Authier pit

Mining Process
Mining will be undertaken using drill and blast, and conventional bulk mining methods utilising hydraulic excavators and dump trucks delivering ore to the primary jaw crusher or to the ROM stockpile. For blending purposes it is assumed that only 25% of the ore will be dumped directly into the crusher. The remaining 75% of the ore will be trucked from the blasted faces to the ROM stockpile and fed to the primary jaw crusher using a front-end loader.
The scale of the project indicates that the operation is best suited to a fleet comprising 60 metric tonne rigid body dump trucks (average of height units throughout the mine life) being loaded by two hydraulic excavators and one front-end loader. Drilling activities will be executed by a maximum of two down-the-hole drill rigs. All hard rock material will be drilled with 5” diameter holes. A mixed ancillary fleet will be used to support load and haul operations. Shifts will operate 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, 365 days per year.

The planned mining activities include:

  • Clearing of vegetation, topsoil stripping and removal to a storage location on site;
  • Overburden removal to a separate storage facility. The overburden thickness averages approximately 6 metres and ranges from 0 to 12 metres;
  • Haul road construction and sheeting of ramps;
  • Drilling and blasting of ore and associated waste including pre-splits on final walls;
  • Loading of ore and waste from the pits; and
  • Haulage of ore to the ROM pad and waste to the co-disposal waste/tailings pile.
  • Crushing and weighing of material to comply with the permit limits.

The mine development used a total of five push-backs, or phases, designed to meet the following objectives:

  • Enable the mining of high grade mineralisation as early as possible;
  • Effectively reduce the stripping ratio in the initial mining stages;
  • Balance the stripping ratio over the period of the mine life;
  • Maintain a minimum mining width between two working phases; and
  • Blend the high-grade and low-grade ore feeds over the LOM. 

Table 3- Summary Metrics for Each Mining Phase

Material Units  Ph - 1 Ph - 2 Ph - 3 Ph - 4 Ph - 5 Total
Total In Pit (Mt) 6.3 10.0 2.1 26.7 50.6 95.5
Waste Rock (Mt) 3.8 7.0 1.4 22.9 43.1 78.2
Overburden (Mt) 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.2 1.6 5.3
Total ROM Feed (Mt) 2.0 1.3 0.3 2.6 5.9 12.1
Head Grade (% Li2O) 0.98 1.02 0.88 1.01 1.01 1.00
Strip Ratio t:t 2.1 7.0 5.7 9.2 7.6 6.9

                       Figure 7: Schematics demonstrating the planned mining phases

Project Layout

The project has a relatively small footprint of less than 400 hectares. The ore will be mined from a single open pit, and the waste rock and filtered tailings will be co-disposed in order to facilitate water management and reduce the environmental footprint. The waste pile will be located north-west of the open pit. Ponds will be built to collect run-off from the waste and tailings pile, overburden pile, industrial site, and dewatering from the pit. The overburden pile will be located close to the waste rock and tailings pile in order to optimise progressive reclamation work. The layout also considers non-process infrastructure, traffic flows, site access, pit exclusion zones and haul roads.

                       Figure 8: Site Layout schematic                    

Processing Plant
Samples from the Authier deposit have been subjected to several metallurgical test work programs (1999, 2012, 2016, 2017, and 2018). In 1999, testing on a 40 tonne bulk sample produced concentrate grading between 5.78% and 5.89% Li2O with lithium recoveries between 68% and 70% from a sample with average head assay of 1.14% Li2O.
In 2012, Glen Eagle tested a 270 kg sample from drill core. The batch tests incorporated magnetic separation and spodumene flotation without mica pre-flotation. Tests produced concentrate grading 6.4% Li2O with 85% recovery. Results were incorporated into a Preliminary Economic Assessment of the project.
In 2016, Sayona completed testing on a representative 430 kg sample (including 5% mine ore dilution). Concentrate grades varied from 5.4% to 6.1% Li2O at recoveries between 71% and 79%. Ore dilution had a negative impact on flotation performance.
In 2017, two representative samples were prepared and flotation tests were undertaken to assess the impact of dilution and processing with site water. The program demonstrated the ability to produce a concentrate grade of 6.0% Li2O at recoveries greater than 80%. Results from the 2016-2017 test work program were incorporated into the Authier updated pre- feasibility study.
Several heavy liquid separation test work programs have been undertaken since 2016. The test work programs showed that dense media separation was not a viable flowsheet option for spodumene recovery for the Authier project.
A pilot pilot plant testing program was undertaken in 2018 on a roughly 5 tonne sample. Two composite pilot plant feed samples were prepared from drill core to represent Years 0 to 5 and Years 5+ of the operation. Batch and locked-cycle-testing was undertaken on each composite prior to pilot plant operation. Optimised batch flotation tests produced 6.0% Li2O concentrate grade at 82% recovery. Locked-cycle test results showed Composite 1 achieved 5.9% Li2O concentrate grade at 84% recovery; and Composite 2 achieved 5.9% Li2O concentrate grade at 83% recovery.
The pilot plant flowsheet included grinding, de-sliming, magnetic separation, mica and spodumene flotation. The optimised flowsheet produced a 6% Li2O concentrate at a 79% lithium recovery. There was some variability in the results over the total program. For the optimised pilot plant flowsheets, Composite 1 produced concentrate ranging from 5.9% to 6.0% Li2O with recoveries ranging from 67% to 71%. For Composite 2, concentrate grade ranged from 5.8% to 6.2% Li2O with lithium recovery from 73% to 79%.
Table 7, summarises results from the 2018 pilot plant test work program.
 

Table 7- Optimised Results from the 2018 Pilot Plant Testing Program

Test Sample Grade, % Li2O Recovery, %
Batch Composite 1 5.96 - 6.04 80 - 82
Composite 2 5.92 - 6.05 79 - 81
Locked-Cycle Composite 1 5.85 84
Composite 2 5.86 83
Pilot Plant Composite 1 5.90 - 5.95 67 - 71
Composite 2 5.83 - 6.19 73 - 79

Concentrate produced from the pilot program is being used for marketing purposes and for a downstream test work program to produce lithium carbonate and hydroxide. Results will be used to provide engineering data which will be incorporated into a downstream PFS.
BBA designed a concentrator to process 675,500 tpa of ore using conventional flotation technology suitable for the Authier pegmatite orebody. The plant will be located near the open-pit.
The process flowsheet is presented in Figure 10. Run-of-mine ore (ROM) will be transported from the mine to the crushing plant. The ore will be fed to a three-stage crushing circuit reducing the particle size to P80 of 9 mm. The crushed ore will be stored under a protected dome and conveyed to a ball mill in closed-circuit with hydrocyclones. Crushed ore will be ground to a particle size (P80) of 180 µm. The ground ore will be passed through a magnetic separation circuit to remove iron-bearing silicate minerals and then de-slimed prior to mica flotation. Following mica flotation, the slurry will flow to an attrition scrubber and hydrocyclones for second-stage de-sliming prior to spodumene flotation.
Magnetic and mica concentrates, slimes, and spodumene flotation tailings will be thickened and filtered prior to dry stacking. Truck and loading units will be used to dispatch tailings to the waste rock facility.
The spodumene concentrate will be filtered to roughly 6% moisture and stockpiled in a covered storage area prior to bulk shipment to a port and/or a Canadian off-taker. The plant will produce a LOM average of 87,400 tonnes of 6% Li2O concentrate suitable for sale to lithium carbonate conversion plants that supply feed-stock to lithium battery manufacturers.

Table 8 gives an overview of the key process plant parameters.
 

Table 8- Authier Metallurgical Parameters Summary

Parameter Unit Value
Process plant throughput rate tpa 675,500
Metallurgical recovery % 78%
Concentrate production tpa 87,400
Spodumene concentrate grade Li2O 6.00%
Iron grade in concentrate % Fe2O3 1.00-1.80 %




 

The tailings will be hauled by truck to the waste pile and co-disposed with the non- mineralised material coming from the mine.

Infrastructure
Authier is located close to the established mining support city of Val d’Or (45 kilometres to the south-east) and the city of Amos (20 kilometres to the north). The project is readily accessible by national highway and a high-quality rural road network five kilometres east of the project site. Other infrastructure in close proximity to the project includes:

  • The Canadian National Railway has an extensive rail network throughout Canada. The closest rail connecting to export shipping ports is at Cadillac, 20 kilometres to the south-west. The rail network connects to Montreal and Quebec City, and to the west through the Ontario Northland Railway and North  American rail system;
  • Quebec is a major producer of electricity as well as one the largest hydropower generators in the world. Green and renewable energy is well distributed through a reliable power network. Power will be accessed 5 kilometres to the east of the project site via an electricity grid supplied by low-cost hydro-electric power. The estimated maximum power level needed for the project in full operation is 7.5 MW; and
  • Val d’Or is serviced several times daily by various airlines from Montreal.

Project infrastructure will include the following elements:

  • Processing plant;
  • ROM ore pad;
  • Waste and dry tailings co-disposal pile;
  • Overburden pile;
  • Administration facility;
  • Assay laboratory;
  • Personnel changing area (dry);
  • Workshop, tyre change, warehouse and storage areas;
  • Explosive magazine storage;
  • Fuel, lube and oil storage facility; and
  • Reticulated services, including power, lighting and communications, raw water and clean water for fire protection, process water and potable water, potable water treatment plant, sewage collection, treatment and disposal.
     

Logistics
The base objective of the logistics component of the proposed Authier lithium project is to transport approximately 87,400 tonnes per annum of spodumene concentrate at 6% Li2O to a selected port facility. The product will then be loaded on to bulk carrier vessels in, most likely, 15,000 to 25,000 tonnes consignments for export to the purchaser.
Sayona commissioned a transport and logistics company to assess the feasibility of transporting the spodumene concentrate from the onsite concentrate storage area to the port. The study assessed the two following options:

  • a combination of bulk-trucks and bulk-railcars, and
  • the use of bulk-trucks for transport from site to port

The study concluded that the optimal scenario would be to use a third-party transport contactor to haul from the mine to the port of Montreal using a fleet of b-train trailers and trucks (owner-operators).
The b-Trains would be leased through an owner-operator. Approximately seven 40-tonne loads will leave the mine daily. At destination, the product will be delivered to a covered storage shed. Material will then be transported from the shed to the side of the vessel using a front-end loader and trucks. Concentrate will be loaded into the vessel using a mobile harbor crane.
 

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Press releases related to this property

 

September 29, 2016
Globex Royalty Property - Authier Lithium Project Update
(English)

May 26, 2016
Globex Options Two Quebec Lithium Projects to Great Thunder - Other Lithium News
(English)

February 16, 2011
Glen Eagle Announces NI 43‐101 Resource on Globex Royalty Property
(English) | (Deutsch) | (Français) |

January 10, 2011
Work Advances on Globex Royalty and Optioned Properties
(English) | (Français) | (Deutsch) |

 


 

Partner News related to this property

 

June 14, 2017
Authier Lithium Project JORC Resource Ore Tonnes Increased 27%
(English)

December 19, 2016
Sayona: Pre-Feasibility Study Progress Update
(English)

November 17, 2016
Sayona: Final Ten Diamond Drill Results Demonstrate Potential to Expand the Authier JORC Resource
(English)

December 14, 2015
Glen Eagle Authier Lithium Project Update
(English)

September 11, 2014
Glen Eagle Resources Inc.: Advancing the Authier Lithium Project
(English)

January 31, 2012
Glen Eagle Resources Inc. Releases a Robust Preliminary Economic Assessment of the Authier Lithium Project
(English)

 
 
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